"Experimental Research" is based on observed and measured phenomena and derives knowledge from actual experience rather than from theory or belief. This type of research may be referred to as Empirical Research, Qualitative Research, or Quantitative Research. How do you know if a study is experimental? Read the subheadings within the article, book, or report and look for a description of the research "methodology." Ask yourself: Would it be possible to recreate this study and test these results?
Key characteristics to look for:
Another hint: some scholarly journals use a specific layout, called the "IMRaD" format, to communicate empirical research findings. Such articles typically have 4 components: